It took five years for a court in Songkhla, southern Thailand, to hold an inquest into the deaths of 78 men after they were detained along with over 1,000 others outside the Tak Bai police station in October 2004. But for all the time spent and witnesses heard, the findings [in English] handed down on May 29 obscured as much as they revealed.
By law, the inquest was supposed to identify who died, where, when, how, why and thanks to whom. The judges omitted most of what the court was told about the how and why, and failed to name any specific responsible persons in their closing remarks.
They also tried to excuse those involved by pointing out that they had been performing their duties under difficult circumstances, even though this is a matter for a trial court to consider, not one for a post mortem inquiry.
While the court failed to do the minimum expected of it under law, it could not deny that the 78 men had all suffocated to death in trucks en route to an army camp. That the men were stacked onto one another like pigs being taken to slaughter slipped from the narrative, but that they were in military custody and died of unnatural causes is now on the judicial record. Continue reading
Posted in army, courts, extrajudicial killing, human rights, military, rule of law, Thailand, UPI
Tagged Krue Se, Sabayoi, Shinawatra, Songkhla, Tak Bai, Thaksin
A court has held that police and civilian officials who killed 19 young men in the far south of Thailand early on April 28, 2004, were acting in self-defense. The defendants said they shot the men because they had been under attack, and the Songkhla provincial court ruled in September that the policemen’s testimonies were consistent and believable.
To reach this finding, the court had to ignore the facts. Some of the evidence it heard but omitted from its verdict included the testimony of a national human rights commissioner. She told the judges that her agency had uncovered nothing to prove that the dead men, aged 18 to 34, had been carrying weapons. Nor was there any discernible damage to the Sabayoi market police post that had supposedly been assaulted. Continue reading
Posted in courts, extrajudicial killing, human rights, police, rule of law, Thailand, UPI
Tagged 28 April 2004, Criminal Procedure Code, CrPC, National Human Rights Commission, NHRC, Sabayoi, Songkhla
Extracts from a new report: Human Rights under Attack, by the Working Group on Justice for Peace, Thailand
One policy that has been consistently counter-productive is the government’s reliance on poorly trained, ill-disciplined para-military forces and civilian militias. Although they have a long-standing history in Thailand, since 2004 their strength in the South has been increased massively. There is a confusing multiplicity of groups – the paramilitary rangers, an interior ministry force known as the Volunteer Defence Corps, several loosely supervised village volunteer forces and an unknown number of smaller sectarian militias – added to the regular army, police and border patrol police. The largest armed force in the South is a civilian militia consisting of Village Defence Volunteers recruited under the Internal Security Operations Command and the Village Protection Force recruited under Queen Sirikit’s direction tasked with protecting Buddhist communities. Continue reading
Posted in army, courts, crime, disappearance, extrajudicial killing, human rights, human rights groups, military, police, rule of law, Thailand, torture, UN
Tagged Abasa Mae-ae, Accra, Accra Thiproch, Angkhana Neelaphaijit, AP, Associated Press, Bannang Sata, Buacharoon, Central Institute of Forensic Science, child soldiers, CIFS, Dusong Tawa, Emergency Decree, Iedkaew, Ingkayutthabhoriharn, Internal Security Operations Command, ISOC, Kolomudo, Krasae Sin, Krong Pinang, Martial Law, Monthrasak, Narathiwat, National Human Rights Commission, National Legislative Assembly, Neelaphaijit, NHRC, NLA, Pattani, Pithak, Pithak Iedkaew, Queen Sirikit, Raman, Rangers, Ruam Thai, Sirikit, Somchai, Somchai Neelaphaijit, Songkhla, Southern Thailand, Theera, Theera Monthrasak, Thiproch, Village Defence Volunteers, Village Protection Force, Viroj, Viroj Buacharoon, Volunteer Defence Corps, WGEID, WGJP, Wiroj, Wiroj Buacharoon, Working Group on Enforced and Involuntary Disappearance, Working Group on Justice For Peace, Yala
In recent weeks Thailand’s media has attentively reported on the arrest of some paramilitary police who are alleged to have abducted and framed tens, perhaps hundreds, of people.
The Border Patrol Police officers set up most of their victims on charges under which the accused could not get bail. Some they released after receiving ransom. One of these, a middle-aged woman, in January set off the alarm after she, her son and two others had been freed. Since then, over 60 more have complained to the Rights and Liberties Protection Department. At least 180 inmates have reportedly sought for their files to be reopened.
Victims have described how they were held in groups and tortured. According to one, she and her partner [above] were taken to a bungalow where they saw at least twenty more people tied up, some hooded; a few with smashed teeth and bruised faces. Another has claimed that she was electrocuted while pregnant, despite pleading for her baby. She gave birth in remand, awaiting a trial in which she was acquitted of any crime.
A few years ago, a case like this would have been accompanied by loud calls for it to be moved outside of the police force and into the hands of the Department of Special Investigation. But such calls have been noticeably absent this time around. Continue reading
Posted in constitution, crime, disappearance, extrajudicial killing, human rights, police, rule of law, Thailand, torture, UPI
Tagged 1997 Constitution, Amornvivat, Amornwiwat, Ayutthaya, Border Patrol Police, BPP, Charoen, Charoen Wat-aksorn, Department of Special Investigation, DRLP, DSI, Justice Ministry, Kalasin, Lamphun, Neelaphaijit, Rights & Liberties Protection, Saraburi, Sombat, Sombat Amornvivat, Sombat Amornwiwat, Somchai, Somchai Neelaphaijit, Songkhla, Supoj, Supoj Suwajo, Suwajo, Wat-aksorn
“You’ll die here or you’ll die outside. If you’ll die outside, I’ll give you a gun, then you run for it”
(“มึงจะตายที่นี่ หรือมึงจะตายข้างนอก ถ้ามึงจะตายข้างนอก กูจะให้ปืนแล้วมึงหนีให้พ้น”)
– Task Force 43 Border Patrol Police officer to Aminudin Kaji